Bacillus anthracis is a Gram-positive, aerobic, endospore-forming rod-shaped bacterium that belongs to the Bacillaceae family.
Bacillus anthracis is the causative agent of anthrax. The pathogen causes primarily zoonotic infections, which can take several forms:
As a consequence: organ damage and/or sepsis
Bacillus anthracis is a soil colonizer found worldwide. Herbivorous wild and farm animals can ingest and spread the pathogen.
Relevance of pathogen in transmission in endoscopy
Ear, nose, and throat: Not relevant
Urology: Not relevant
Relevance for endoscope surveillance
Low or moderate concern organism
Transmission occurs aerogenically through contaminated dust and primarily through contact with infected animals or animal products such as wool and hides.
Resistance to antibiotics
Decreased antimicrobial susceptibility to beta-lactams is described.
Anthrax, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, https://www.cdc.gov/anthrax/index.html (accessed on 06.29.2021).
Gries O, Ly T: Infektologie – Kompendium humanpathogener Infektionskrankheiten und Erreger, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2019.
Milzbrand (Antrax), Robert Koch-Institut, https://www.rki.de/DE/Content/Infekt/EpidBull/Merkblaetter/Ratgeber_Anthrax.html (accessed on 06.29.2021).
Muscarella LF. 2002. Anthrax: is there a risk of cross-infection during endoscopy? Gastroenterol. Nurs. 25:46–48.