Staphylococcus epidermidis is a Gram-positive, sphere-shaped bacterium from the genus Staphylococcus.
Because of its ability to form biofilm and settle on implanted objects, Staphylococcus epidermidis frequently causes nosocomial infections. The disease patterns include:
Urinary tract infections
Phlegmon (inflammation of the lower layers of the skin)
Endocarditis (inflammation of the inner lining of the heart)
Osteomyelitis (inflammation of the bone marrow)
Staphylococcus epidermidis colonizes the human skin and mucosa, as well as the surfaces of medical devices. It is also found in contaminated food.
Relevance of pathogen in transmission in endoscopy
Ear, nose, and throat: Not relevant
Relevance for endoscope surveillance
High concern organism
The pathogen is transmitted nosocomially, via endogenous infections, and via contaminated food.
Resistance to antibiotics
Staphylococcus epidermidis exhibits resistance to several antibiotics. These include beta-lactams (including methicillin-resistant S. epidermidis [MRSE]).
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